ITALY(PALERMO)

Traditional Musical Instruments

Presentazione Strumenti Tipici Sicialini
The zufolo or friscaletto is a breath-taking musical instrument that is similar to the sweet flute but the most robust and brilliant stamp. It is called like this throughout Sicily, except for the town of San Fratello, in the province of Messina. Here the local talk still suffers from Rooster-Root roots and the friscaletto takes the name of Vescot. Manufactured artisanally in wood, it consists of a short barrel or a small hollow cylinder, almost always made of boxwood with a cross-section for the mouth and some lateral holes (7th and 2h rear). Constructed usually in the shades of DO-SOL-LA, the instrument can be compared to a whistle for the way it is played and for the sound it produces. Friscaletto is a tool that does not allow for plane and strong volume variations, since a greater intensity in the breath output will inevitably cause the tune of the melody. Each fridge has its own personality, its own stamp and its shades.

Il tamburello
The tambourine is a musical instrument belonging to the class of membranophones . In Sicily it is commonly called tambureddu or tammureddu. Its appearance probably dates back to the period of Greek colonization of the 7th century BCThe instrument is made up of a skin diaphragm stretched over a few centimeters thick wooden ring, which leads to a special number of small coppers (cymbals), rotated on a wire of iron, into special slits. The tambourine can be played simply by tapping it with his hand or shaking it to move the cimbals. Over time, techniques have been developed to cure pain caused by prolonged use: Varying the fingers that pinch the skin membrane (for example, by blow with the thumb and one with the opposite fingers); Make the cimbalines ring with a finger on the skin (it feels better if you first wet your finger with the saliva); By tracing an “8” with your finger you can thus get a continuous sound

Lo scacciapensieri
Also known  marranzanu in siciliano, malarruni in calabrese, Trunfa in sardo Is a musicalidiophonic instrument constructed of a metal frame folded on itself as horseshoe so as to create a free space between which there is a thin metal lamella which on one side is fixed to the structure of the instrument and from the Other side is free This tool is considered to be one of the oldest in the world ; A musician who is apparently playing it appears in a Chinese design of the fourth century BC
The instrument is played by placing the end with the free bent leg on the incisors (without tightening too much) and pinching the lamella with a finger while changing the size of the oral cavity to adjust the height of the sounds which may also be by means of Different tongue placements. The object should become one with the musician’s body. But be careful not to bite the lamella against the teeth, therefore it could cause permanent damage; In addition, playing the scalpel for a long time damages the teeth with the risk of pain. For safety, another way to play a scalpel is to place the free-bore at the teeth without holding it.
Modern scacciapensieri is played in four ways:
pinching the lamella normally and moving the tongue (emits variable vibrations accompanied by the unique low sound),
pinching the lamella by increasing the extension of the oral cavity at the same time,
pinching the lamella while breathing simultaneously (emits a unique sound without vibration)
pinching the lamella emitting from the vocal cords more or less harmonic sounds than the fixed lamella.

La zampogna
The zampogna or ciaramedda is a sailboat equipped with 4-5 rods that are inserted into a strain where the otre is tied. Only 2 reeds are a singing instrument while the other ones make a bordeon (they play a fixed note). The canes end with single or double ribs, traditionally made of cane (also recently made of plastic). The air storage bag (otre) is made with a whole goat or sheepskin (utricolo) (today also From other materials or from a rubber air chamber) in which the player enters air through an insufflator (cannetta o soffietto). The air vibrates the hoops that are grafted on the two melodic canes, that right for the melody, the left for the accompaniment, and on the lower and lowered ribs.
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Lu quartararu o brocca
It is a medium sized porcelain pot, with ancient peasant origins and equipped with two large handles at the top; Very similar to a jar was used for millennia in Sicily to transport and store water or wine. A smaller but similar version was used to hold and refresh the water to drink; Was called u bummulu. Quartars are now purchased for decorative purposes in the furnishings of rustic and country villas. As time went by, the terracotta quarts were joined by sheet metal, lighter and easier to handle, but, being less suitable for use with water, they were often used for oil. The exterior of the quartar is often typically decorated, but those for daily use were left uncluttered. A special use of quartars was the one used for popular festivals as a musical instrument. Blowing through the vase gives a gloomy sound, used as a musical accompaniment to folklore in Sicily.

ICT & Music Questionnaires

Italian-Sicilian Composers

Vincenzo Bellini( 1801-1834)
+ One of the most famous sicilian composer ( in particular in Catania)
+ He was only 17 when he started composing sacred music and one of his first operas: «Dolente immagine»
+ His masterpiece is «Bianca and Fernando» that was then renamed « Bianca and Gernando» in order to respect the willing of Prince Fernando di Borbone in Naples.
+ Other great succes had its two masterpices: « The Pirot» and « The Stranger» presented ad « Teatro alla Scala» in Milan.
+ The turn in his career happened in Paris with the masterpiece « The Puritans» (1835) that was written for the Théâtre-Italien.
+ Bellini’s music is a mixture of classic and romantic music
+ Classical model was developed thanks to his studies and models like Mozart and Haydn.
+ Romantic model steamed from the importance given to romanticism of the feelings, expressions and passions
+ He is known today as the composer how brought the both vocal or instrumental « sing» that was an inspiration for a lot of other composers like Richard Wagner.


Youtube Video

Salvatore Allegra(1987-1993)
+ He decided to dedicate himself not only to the lyrical compositions but also to cinema
+ One of his most important opera is «I Viandanti» (1936) that was represented at « Alla Scala» of Milan
+ He is in fact well known as the compositor of the soundtracks for different movies of famous movie- makers like Mattoli, Brignone, Simonelli, Matarazzo between 1935 and 1957
+ The movie « Amori e Veleni» is an example of them


Youtube Video

Francesco Pennisi(1934-2000)
+ His art is the result of an innovative mixture of poetry, music, art and litterature. He was in fact also a painter and he painted and invented the scenography for his operas himself.
+ One of these examples is «Silvia Symplex» ( 1972) that was presented to Biennale of Venice


Youtube Video

Salvatore Sciarrino(1947-Present)
+ He is famous for his «Ricordi»( 1969-2004) that contains his notes and essays about sicilian music and classical one
+ His most important opera is « Luci mie traditrici» ( «Oh my betraying eyes»
+ His opera « Ti vedo, Ti sento, mi perdo» is being represented at « Alla Scala» in Milan.


Youtube Video

Francesco Nicolosi(1954- Present)
+ He is considered today as one of the most important exponent of the Piano Neapolitan School.
+ In 1998 together with pianist Bresciani he founded the Franz Liszt Piano Duo in order to spread Franz Liszt operas.
+ He received the Bellini Golden Price in 1994
+ His most important opera is « Nuova Era» with which he decided to re- interpret Bellini Music


Youtube Video

Amateur compositions of Learners

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