The tambourine is a musical instrument belonging to the class of membranophones . In Sicily it is commonly called tambureddu or tammureddu. Its appearance probably dates back to the period of Greek colonization of the 7th century BCThe instrument is made up of a skin diaphragm stretched over a few centimeters thick wooden ring, which leads to a special number of small coppers (cymbals), rotated on a wire of iron, into special slits. The tambourine can be played simply by tapping it with his hand or shaking it to move the cimbals. Over time, techniques have been developed to cure pain caused by prolonged use: Varying the fingers that pinch the skin membrane (for example, by blow with the thumb and one with the opposite fingers); Make the cimbalines ring with a finger on the skin (it feels better if you first wet your finger with the saliva); By tracing an “8” with your finger you can thus get a continuous sound
also known marranzanu in siciliano, malarruni in calabrese, Trunfa in sardo) Is a musicalidiophonic instrument constructed of a metal frame folded on itself as horseshoe so as to create a free space between which there is a thin metal lamella which on one side is fixed to the structure of the instrument and from the Other side is free This tool is considered to be one of the oldest in the world ; A musician who is apparently playing it appears in a Chinese design of the fourth century BC
The instrument is played by placing the end with the free bent leg on the incisors (without tightening too much) and pinching the lamella with a finger while changing the size of the oral cavity to adjust the height of the sounds which may also be by means of Different tongue placements. The object should become one with the musician’s body. But be careful not to bite the lamella against the teeth, therefore it could cause permanent damage; In addition, playing the scalpel for a long time damages the teeth with the risk of pain. For safety, another way to play a scalpel is to place the free-bore at the teeth without holding it.
Modern scacciapensieri is played in four ways:
pinching the lamella normally and moving the tongue (emits variable vibrations accompanied by the unique low sound),
pinching the lamella by increasing the extension of the oral cavity at the same time,
pinching the lamella while breathing simultaneously (emits a unique sound without vibration)
pinching the lamella emitting from the vocal cords more or less harmonic sounds than the fixed lamella.
The zampogna or ciaramedda is a sailboat equipped with 4-5 rods that are inserted into a strain where the otre is tied. Only 2 reeds are a singing instrument while the other ones make a bordeon (they play a fixed note). The canes end with single or double ribs, traditionally made of cane (also recently made of plastic). The air storage bag (otre) is made with a whole goat or sheepskin (utricolo) (today also From other materials or from a rubber air chamber) in which the player enters air through an insufflator (cannetta o soffietto). The air vibrates the hoops that are grafted on the two melodic canes, that right for the melody, the left for the accompaniment, and on the lower and lowered ribs.
Lu quartararu o brocca
It is a medium sized porcelain pot, with ancient peasant origins and equipped with two large handles at the top; Very similar to a jar was used for millennia in Sicily to transport and store water or wine. A smaller but similar version was used to hold and refresh the water to drink; Was called u bummulu. Quartars are now purchased for decorative purposes in the furnishings of rustic and country villas. As time went by, the terracotta quarts were joined by sheet metal, lighter and easier to handle, but, being less suitable for use with water, they were often used for oil. The exterior of the quartar is often typically decorated, but those for daily use were left uncluttered. A special use of quartars was the one used for popular festivals as a musical instrument. Blowing through the vase gives a gloomy sound, used as a musical accompaniment to folklore in Sicily.