BULGARIA

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 Bulgarian composers

Pancho Haralanov Vladigerov (13 March 1899 – 8 September 1978) – Bulgarian composer, pedagogue and pianist

Vladigerov composed in 1950 his great symphony, the “Jewish Poem”, Opus 47. This symphony received in 1952 the highest honor given by the Bulgarian Government to an artist, the Dimitrov Prize. His most performed and emblematic work is unquestionably Vardar Rhapsody, also known as Bulgarian Rhapsody.

Official website: https://vladigerov.org/ YouTube links:
1. Jewish poem, Opus 47 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9hRKZIEQkwk
2. Piano Concerto No.1 in A-minor, Op.6 (1918) – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3C8LWSeLe5o
3. Vardar Rhapsody – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dWmvipV2Sjc

Lubomir Pipkov (6 September, 1904 – 9 May, 1974) – composer, pedagogue, public figure

He belongs to the second generation of Bulgarian composers. He was among the founding members of the Contemporary Music Society (1933), the predecessor of the Union of Bulgarian Composers. His impressive versatility as a composer, literary man and poet, journalist and public figure, pedagogue and socially involved artist with progressive ideas made his name as one of the leading personalities in the music culture and the intellectual elite in Bulgaria in the period 1930s-1970s.
YouTube links:
1. Nani mi nani Damyancho – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5BLuzIgBCZ4
2. “Symphony No.1” – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SMuIZcMzRfE&t=313s
3. Opera Momchil – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wta4PZupOFA

Filip Kutev (13 June, 1903 – 27 November, 1982) – Bulgarian composer, arranger and founder

Filip Kutev together with his wife Maria Kuteva, in 1951, founded Bulgaria’s first professional, state supported ensemble, the State Ensemble for Folk Song and Dance, also known as the Filip Kutev Ensemble. With his ensemble he pioneered a style of arranging folk songs by fusing folk elements with western classical forms and harmonies, and established a new Bulgarian choral tradition.
His choir was one of four who appeared on the album Le Mystère des Voix Bulgares, Volume Two, which won a Grammy Award in 1989.YouTube links:
1. Dimyaninka – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nt3c2EABGK8
2. Lale li si zjumbjul li si – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HXyjlpQxens
3. Polegnala e Todora – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1MUJaZj2fbI

Parashkev Hadjiev (27 April 1912 – 1992) – Bulgarian composer

He was the son of conductor Todor Hadjiev, an early champion of Bulgarian opera. His versatile creative, pedagogic and social work won him recognition as one of the leading figures that shaped the Bulgarian professional music and music culture in the second half of the 20th century. In 1959, he wrote his masterpiece Lud Gidia (the Madcap). Lud Gidia captivated the audience with its melodic freshness, originality, exuberance, and great vocal and choral parts.
YouTube links:
1. Lud Gidia https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1C1oOGKy_KU&t=448s
2. Violin Sonata No.3 – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q7CECMFe44w
3. Operetta Aika – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F3osageMFv0

Nikolay Kaufman (September 23, 1925) – Bulgarian musicologist, folklorist and composer

Kaufman’s compositions include over a thousand arrangements of Bulgarian, Ashkenazi and Sephardi Jewish folk songs, his own songs composed in a Bulgarian folk style and piano pieces. Some of the Bulgarian State Television Female Vocal Choir’s recordings were based on Kaufman’s arrangements of Bulgarian folk songs, including some in the choir’s Grammy Award-winning album Le Mystère des Voix Bulgares, Vol. II. Kaufman’s work as a musicologist covers the recording of over 40,000 Bulgarian folk songs and tunes, the result of his theoretical and field studies.

YouTube links:
1. Jewish songs – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DLeb4p_ne1w
2. Kalugerine – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q8ptpS_oOTE
3. “Tsurne Trunke Kapeioo” (Black Berries Dripping) – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1VSOXo5-7yc

COMPOSITIONS
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